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volleyball spike biomechanics

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Upper Limb Biomechanics During the Volleyball Serve and Spike

Early studies of volleyball biomechanics described the gross motor pattern of the spike. 2,8,21,29 In addition, a few studies focused on upper extremity kinematics during the spike—correlating shoulder and elbow motion with ball velocity, 8 hand velocity, 7 and jump height. 31,33 Two studies also determined the muscle activation patterns involved in spiking and serving. 22,27

Biomechanics of the volleyball spike

When considering the initial question “What are the biomechanical principles that are crucial to a volleyball spike? ” There are numerous factors that influence the volleyball spike. These factors include Newton’s laws of motion, relative height, applying force and overcoming inertia, said force is then sprung back into the athlete’s body.

(PDF) The Biomechanics of the Volleyball Spike / Attack ...

The Biomechanics of the Volleyball Spike / Attack. Sport Biomechanics Mark Mann 12/11/08 The Biomechanics of the Volleyball Spike / Attack The following biomechanics project was designed to be a review of literature related to the most important skill in volleyball, the overhead spike, or attack. The literature has been reviewed and select articles dealing with the various components of the overhead spike are presented as exemplary and representative of the kids of biomechanical analyses ...

Biomechanical Principles Affecting Spiking in Volleyball

In conclusion, in order to optimize the power & accuracy of the spike, these biomechanics are applied. The volleyball spike is made up of 4 stages including; the preparation phase which generates the momentum and force, the jump which is an example of reactionary force against the ground and finally the arm swing and the contact phase which is a mixture of a pushing force, reactionary force as well as hitting above the center of mass to generate top spin which causes a forward moving ball ...

Volleyball Spike: A Biomechanical Analysis

The actions of volleyball are a complex combination of strength, power, agility, and finesse. Each of these components is comprised of complex, small movements, the summations of which are synchronized acts of striking the volleyball in a desired fashion. The volleyball spike is a perfect example of this and, when executed correctly, is one of the most exciting shots in the game.

Volleyball Spike Biomechanics - Image Results

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Biomechanics of a Volleyball Spike

The volleyball spike entails 7 different phases; the preparation phase or the run-in (generating controllable speed); landing (impact absorption); impulse drive (horizontal to vertical momentum transfer); airborne phase of preparation (as ballistic); hitting phase (as ballistic); airborne phase to landing – airborne recovery (as ballistic) and landing (to absorb impact, control deceleration and prepare for next move) (Bartlett, 2007).


A volleyball spike consists of four key components, preparation/take off, contact, follow through and landing. For the player to generate the utmost amount of power when spiking, they will need to summate the forces as one to make them a flowing movement.

What biomechanics principles are ... - The Volleyball Spike

The volleyball spike is made up of three components, essential for an optimal delivery. These components are the take-off/jumping height, arm swing and hit/follow through. The spike is a physically demanding aspect of the game and involves many complex biomechanical principals (see picture 1).